慎独
慎独
文章目录
  1. Intro
  2. Requirements
  3. 0x00 prepare the env
  4. 0x01 init slots & init keys
  5. 0x02 create root ca certs
  6. 0x03 create issue ca certs
  7. 0x04 create ssl certs
  8. 0x05 install CA Certs to Host
  9. 0x06 write test code
  10. 0x07 Conclusion
  11. 0x08 Resources

【CA】Build a internal CA with Openssl and SoftHsm2

Intro

SoftHSM is an implementation of a cryptographic store accessible through a PKCS #11 interface. It is being developed as a part of the OpenDNSSEC project. In this blog, i use softhsm to generate key pairs and use libp11 to make it was able to used by openssl.

image

In this case, we create two rsa keypairs in one softhsm slot, also you can let the issue ca to use another slot.

Requirements

  • openssl 1.1.1
  • softhsm2
  • libp11
  • pkcs11-tool

0x00 prepare the env

All operations are done on Ubuntu 18.04, how to install those tools would not be described here. also suppose you already have the basics of ca. if not, Jamie provide a good tutorial in this part.

  1. enable pkcs11 engine for openssl.cnf
    here is the example to enable pkcs11 engine for openssl .
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    9
    10
    11
    12
    13
    14
    15
    openssl_conf = openssl_init

    [openssl_init]
    engines=engine_section

    [engine_section]
    pkcs11 = pkcs11_section

    [pkcs11_section]
    engine_id = pkcs11
    dynamic_path = /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/engines-1.1/libpkcs11.so
    MODULE_PATH = /usr/local/lib/softhsm/libsofthsm2.so
    # INIT_ARGS = connector=http://127.0.0.1:12345 debug
    #sofunny
    init = 696976398

please change the init vaule with your own slot id
image
you can see the next section to learn how to init slot and show slot info.

also you can get this config file here and put them to the right place. Before replace them ,you need have bakup.

1
2
sudo cp /etc/ssl/openssl.cnf /etc/ssl/openssl.cnf.bak
sudo cp /usr/lib/ssl/openssl.cnf /usr/lib/ssl/openssl.cnf.bak

openssl.cnf
ssl.openssl.cnf

1
2
sudo cp openssl.cnf /etc/ssl/openssl.cnf
sudo cp ssl.openssl.cnf /usr/lib/ssl/openssl.cnf

also, you need create some folder and files depends on the configuration.

1
2
mkdir certs private crl csr newcerts
chmod 400 private

here is my folder structure

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
~/Desktop/ca/test$ find . -type d
.
./csr
./certs
./private
./crl
./newcerts

0x01 init slots & init keys

  1. init slots
1
2
softhsm2-util --init-token --slot 0 --label sofunny
softhsm2-util --show-slots

Here is the terminal output

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
~/Desktop/ca/test$ softhsm2-util --show-slots
Available slots:
Slot 696976398
Slot info:
Description: SoftHSM slot ID 0x298b040e
Manufacturer ID: SoftHSM project
Hardware version: 2.6
Firmware version: 2.6
Token present: yes
Token info:
Manufacturer ID: SoftHSM project
Model: SoftHSM v2
Hardware version: 2.6
Firmware version: 2.6
Serial number: 08e05ce5a98b040e
Initialized: yes
User PIN init.: yes
Label: sofunny

  1. init rsa keypairs
    you can change the key length, id & label by yourself. in this case, we use id:01 for the root ca and id:02 for issue ca.
1
2
pkcs11-tool --module /usr/local/lib/softhsm/libsofthsm2.so -l --keypairgen --key-type rsa:4096 --id 01 --label "SSL Root CA 01"
pkcs11-tool --module /usr/local/lib/softhsm/libsofthsm2.so -l --keypairgen --key-type rsa:2048 --id 02 --label "SSL Issue CA 01"

Here is the terminal output

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
~/Desktop/ca/test$ pkcs11-tool --module /usr/local/lib/softhsm/libsofthsm2.so -l --keypairgen --key-type rsa:4096 --id 01 --label "SSL Root CA 01"
Using slot 0 with a present token (0x298b040e)
Logging in to "sofunny".
Please enter User PIN:
Key pair generated:
Private Key Object; RSA
label: SSL Root CA 01
ID: 01
Usage: decrypt, sign, unwrap
Access: sensitive, always sensitive, never extractable, local
Public Key Object; RSA 4096 bits
label: SSL Root CA 01
ID: 01
Usage: encrypt, verify, wrap
Access: local
~/Desktop/ca/test$ pkcs11-tool --module /usr/local/lib/softhsm/libsofthsm2.so -l --keypairgen --key-type rsa:2048 --id 02 --label "SSL Issue CA 01"
Using slot 0 with a present token (0x298b040e)
Logging in to "sofunny".
Please enter User PIN:
Key pair generated:
Private Key Object; RSA
label: SSL Issue CA 01
ID: 02
Usage: decrypt, sign, unwrap
Access: sensitive, always sensitive, never extractable, local
Public Key Object; RSA 2048 bits
label: SSL Issue CA 01
ID: 02
Usage: encrypt, verify, wrap
Access: local

0x02 create root ca certs

  1. create root ca cert with first keypiars(4096, id=01)
1
openssl req -new -x509 -days 7300 -sha512 -extensions v3_ca  -engine pkcs11 -keyform engine -key 696976398:01 -out certs/root.ca.cert.pem

Here is the terminal output

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
~/Desktop/ca/test$ openssl req -new -x509 -days 7300 -sha512 -extensions v3_ca  -engine pkcs11 -keyform engine -key 696976398:01 -out certs/root.ca.cert.pem
engine "pkcs11" set.
Enter PKCS#11 token PIN for sofunny:
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
-----
Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:CN
State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:JS
Locality Name (eg, city) []:SZ
Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:PP
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:GP
Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []:SPKI SSL ROOT CA 01
Email Address []:[email protected]
  1. verify cert

openssl x509 -in certs/root.ca.cert.pem -noout -text

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
~/Desktop/ca/test$ openssl x509 -in certs/root.ca.cert.pem -noout -text
Certificate:
Data:
Version: 3 (0x2)
Serial Number:
67:b8:42:80:1f:ca:cb:1e:da:a1:e4:66:91:9c:c1:9f:33:a6:3e:98
Signature Algorithm: sha512WithRSAEncryption
Issuer: C = CN, ST = JS, L = SZ, O = PP, OU = GP, CN = SPKI SSL ROOT CA 01, emailAddress = [email protected]
Validity
Not Before: Dec 12 13:48:15 2020 GMT
Not After : Dec 7 13:48:15 2040 GMT
Subject: C = CN, ST = JS, L = SZ, O = PP, OU = GP, CN = SPKI SSL ROOT CA 01, emailAddress = [email protected]
Subject Public Key Info:
Public Key Algorithm: rsaEncryption
RSA Public-Key: (4096 bit)
Modulus:
00:c9:10:d6:0a:66:8a:70:f2:90:7a:70:18:cf:ae:
19:15:22:da:f4:fc:7b:2f:b0:2f:99:22:14:18:45:
40:fe:5a:67:87:20:fa:a6:e2:45:f8:16:60:ac:66:
e3:d4:df:37:2b:71:e7:8d:d3:e1:ab:5c:a5:ae:a0:
43:ad:b8:a2:de:06:84:b4:5f:1f:31:1b:1f:3e:ea:
9e:ff:cb:bb:8e:aa:32:65:4b:0e:96:44:ae:4a:1e:
10:5c:96:e3:6c:ec:d2:5c:0d:1e:b8:d9:17:36:3d:
da:91:ad:a8:34:c3:66:21:89:36:f3:79:24:ae:0f:
2f:86:7f:88:b0:bb:d0:64:e2:53:ef:03:b2:cc:2e:
9b:19:05:8e:43:87:eb:9e:f9:46:2d:40:ea:3b:27:
30:3e:ae:b7:c4:d2:b9:d4:0a:d3:52:f6:b9:de:c2:
c1:13:f5:3c:47:ae:22:2b:2c:1b:6c:46:62:fc:75:
c1:48:13:12:ad:15:a0:78:b6:3e:37:ae:d0:8f:9b:
51:13:52:85:1e:f2:a4:95:08:e8:a4:b7:3e:91:48:
2d:6b:c4:95:67:01:af:b0:06:c4:80:fe:ba:73:e7:
e6:84:a5:48:3f:e1:fe:d8:cf:b1:0f:e6:87:42:69:
d9:b0:32:a9:a9:d1:24:95:cf:4f:f9:c7:1d:7b:49:
34:91:57:be:03:b9:18:f1:e3:9e:15:3a:d7:d8:cd:
86:25:47:a8:2a:f5:4c:ad:da:bf:11:6c:a0:87:3d:
a9:b2:a0:94:5a:81:60:aa:8e:b3:44:49:39:68:42:
3a:ee:7a:77:f5:86:d6:eb:32:42:cc:48:ee:f1:51:
08:e8:22:d8:ff:44:b5:a7:18:78:f2:12:08:1f:02:
27:77:5e:d7:f4:d1:e3:8f:69:8f:a9:13:d4:3e:6c:
1a:3d:21:c7:d1:30:5c:b6:d2:b3:38:c9:35:ba:b4:
48:ae:61:8a:4b:26:e7:a5:68:4b:3f:e9:2a:b6:0b:
8d:14:16:a0:69:3f:1f:e6:c7:83:65:00:23:cb:ae:
c4:9c:6a:6b:73:67:3f:fd:01:b6:7c:e2:cc:54:76:
6a:55:d3:71:0b:35:9e:79:67:b7:5a:a1:11:99:4c:
20:0e:2e:7f:43:09:d0:5c:d1:b4:41:fa:d6:cf:01:
b2:38:0b:be:ed:70:c9:b7:eb:a7:b7:14:f2:9e:1e:
13:ae:91:fc:38:69:26:fd:e0:10:fd:b1:71:c0:cb:
2d:07:0f:19:9f:d2:d1:c4:74:90:41:9c:dd:e1:1d:
c9:05:ad:57:a6:89:a2:54:29:43:54:7a:7f:1a:9a:
ad:2d:51:a4:e7:f1:df:fc:78:26:9d:c6:b6:0a:8d:
2c:28:f1
Exponent: 65537 (0x10001)
X509v3 extensions:
X509v3 Subject Key Identifier:
F1:76:ED:83:0E:B7:C5:6F:03:97:FF:4D:C1:2A:8E:B3:23:83:C6:CB
X509v3 Authority Key Identifier:
keyid:F1:76:ED:83:0E:B7:C5:6F:03:97:FF:4D:C1:2A:8E:B3:23:83:C6:CB

X509v3 Basic Constraints: critical
CA:TRUE
Signature Algorithm: sha512WithRSAEncryption
6a:bc:bc:ef:95:15:ff:e3:a1:1e:da:46:77:c1:6d:69:39:0c:
cd:42:09:5d:1b:4a:85:55:7b:92:c5:28:78:67:6a:ef:d7:8c:
ee:7f:b8:a8:8b:d7:4e:ba:6c:92:67:00:05:60:cf:4b:84:1e:
ea:22:31:74:68:98:16:0f:6e:a2:fa:9d:f1:06:da:82:4a:b4:
cf:98:11:dc:fc:04:06:02:f7:4d:7e:81:dd:63:09:5c:54:d1:
39:7c:a0:e9:30:67:02:f0:92:0b:8b:eb:4e:82:ca:b3:9a:b6:
d5:82:5c:4d:6e:8e:a4:74:2d:e6:63:a5:36:7d:09:ec:80:7e:
07:ad:6d:89:19:7d:19:a0:de:18:e2:ca:50:28:25:a6:0d:2b:
d3:2d:4f:76:13:dc:62:75:82:51:8d:26:c4:ad:53:7d:73:c7:
3c:00:4a:9d:ac:d5:e4:eb:b8:83:2a:a0:28:54:dd:81:9d:96:
ef:e4:2b:52:cc:70:20:cf:55:23:0d:3d:ae:5f:2b:8d:cd:20:
8c:28:0c:2a:fd:7e:0d:91:40:80:70:41:00:79:83:b4:97:cd:
9f:0c:ed:de:26:83:8d:44:4b:e1:6f:1f:7a:ec:05:c2:b7:c1:
eb:35:50:8d:dd:eb:32:2f:15:1c:6b:ff:72:2f:45:25:4f:48:
d2:f5:4e:cb:34:3d:84:8b:92:3b:d5:45:f9:3b:7c:97:a9:27:
ff:70:b2:c2:0c:89:c7:30:92:6c:0b:e2:0b:8d:69:88:a5:ef:
5a:c8:16:8f:f5:7a:7c:9e:22:e8:e4:bf:83:89:35:80:56:90:
44:f7:ff:54:bc:df:85:a5:60:7b:18:0a:aa:91:bc:ff:b0:73:
21:b9:e2:5e:64:d9:00:95:20:61:9a:94:f4:b6:86:6a:ae:66:
5f:9a:c0:4d:6d:88:b8:d6:07:f8:03:37:08:66:59:22:14:26:
34:10:f9:e1:d9:89:66:dc:68:44:4a:83:82:ab:84:d3:6a:b9:
b8:91:f3:4b:3b:0c:96:7a:9b:80:7a:b1:e7:21:ed:1b:84:86:
3e:a1:f1:2e:a7:4e:70:5b:b1:ef:86:a9:ca:35:44:fc:92:0b:
b8:24:ed:ec:61:12:5b:0d:7f:d2:ef:a2:31:58:79:53:1b:94:
d2:de:9c:bb:2a:a0:d6:c8:b7:59:71:98:71:df:68:92:01:a0:
a8:30:4b:3b:e3:70:c2:93:86:0e:77:a4:47:c2:32:b6:cc:bf:
28:81:77:37:9c:68:91:5f:27:6d:4d:84:f9:45:69:a3:1f:e5:
fb:63:92:41:b4:45:c0:17:fc:62:42:a8:7e:da:19:34:80:c9:
e8:d4:4f:32:05:1c:ad:f1

0x03 create issue ca certs

  1. generate csr for issue ca (2048, id=02)
1
openssl req -engine pkcs11 -keyform engine -key 696976398:02 -new -sha512  -out csr/issue.ca.csr

Here is the terminal output

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
~/Desktop/ca/test$ openssl req -engine pkcs11 -keyform engine -key 696976398:02 -new -sha512  -out csr/issue.ca.csr
engine "pkcs11" set.
Enter PKCS#11 token PIN for sofunny:
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
-----
Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:CN
State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:JS
Locality Name (eg, city) []:SZ
Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:PP
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:GP
Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []:SPKI SSL ISSUE CA 01
Email Address []:[email protected]

Please enter the following 'extra' attributes
to be sent with your certificate request
A challenge password []:
An optional company name []:
  1. request sign by root ca
1
openssl ca -engine pkcs11 -keyform engine -keyfile 696976398:01 -extensions v3_intermediate_ca -days 3650 -notext -md sha512 -in csr/issue.ca.csr -out certs/issue.ca.cert.pem

Here is the terminal output

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
~/Desktop/ca/test$ touch index.txt
~/Desktop/ca/test$ echo 1000 > serial
~/Desktop/ca/test$ openssl ca -engine pkcs11 -keyform engine -keyfile 696976398:01 -extensions v3_intermediate_ca -days 3650 -notext -md sha512 -in csr/issue.ca.csr -out certs/issue.ca.cert.pem
engine "pkcs11" set.
Using configuration from /usr/lib/ssl/openssl.cnf
Enter PKCS#11 token PIN for sofunny:
Check that the request matches the signature
Signature ok
Certificate Details:
Serial Number: 4096 (0x1000)
Validity
Not Before: Dec 12 14:01:12 2020 GMT
Not After : Dec 10 14:01:12 2030 GMT
Subject:
countryName = CN
stateOrProvinceName = JS
organizationName = PP
organizationalUnitName = GP
commonName = SPKI SSL ISSUE CA 01
emailAddress = [email protected]
X509v3 extensions:
X509v3 Subject Key Identifier:
0B:F7:31:43:FC:7A:0A:4C:63:C4:C7:CB:BC:CC:40:50:E7:F1:ED:74
X509v3 Authority Key Identifier:
keyid:F1:76:ED:83:0E:B7:C5:6F:03:97:FF:4D:C1:2A:8E:B3:23:83:C6:CB

X509v3 Basic Constraints: critical
CA:TRUE, pathlen:0
X509v3 Key Usage: critical
Digital Signature, Certificate Sign, CRL Sign
Certificate is to be certified until Dec 10 14:01:12 2030 GMT (3650 days)
Sign the certificate? [y/n]:

1 out of 1 certificate requests certified, commit? [y/n]y
Write out database with 1 new entries
Data Base Updated
  1. verify issue ca cert
1
openssl x509 -in certs/issue.ca.cert.pem -noout -text

Here is the terminal output

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
~/Desktop/ca/test$ openssl x509 -in certs/issue.ca.cert.pem -noout -text
Certificate:
Data:
Version: 3 (0x2)
Serial Number: 4096 (0x1000)
Signature Algorithm: sha512WithRSAEncryption
Issuer: C = CN, ST = JS, L = SZ, O = PP, OU = GP, CN = SPKI SSL ROOT CA 01, emailAddress = [email protected]
Validity
Not Before: Dec 12 14:01:12 2020 GMT
Not After : Dec 10 14:01:12 2030 GMT
Subject: C = CN, ST = JS, O = PP, OU = GP, CN = SPKI SSL ISSUE CA 01, emailAddress = [email protected]
Subject Public Key Info:
Public Key Algorithm: rsaEncryption
RSA Public-Key: (2048 bit)
Modulus:
00:d3:5c:43:50:1b:7b:4d:e6:39:2c:1c:54:47:e1:
a7:3a:20:92:77:b6:22:32:7b:82:7a:e9:7e:20:9b:
22:a9:59:d2:a9:6e:d4:94:38:c1:40:06:27:fd:65:
f2:da:e1:ae:0f:f1:94:c4:c0:da:5d:51:bf:f7:ef:
4e:d0:c5:6d:c4:60:6a:a8:c0:1d:83:c3:54:d8:24:
d2:d9:ed:94:07:2c:ea:d6:bb:9b:4f:a4:73:f1:7c:
86:fd:b5:32:23:91:a4:0d:27:8a:3b:49:9e:0d:8e:
a2:ca:80:1f:07:9c:59:55:33:c7:cb:eb:ca:49:2f:
51:fd:b7:b8:fb:91:99:39:26:df:8c:3f:5b:98:7a:
87:86:94:a1:08:e5:11:cf:fa:50:c2:fe:40:b3:10:
4b:5e:6a:f2:01:42:d7:90:fc:43:52:e6:2e:42:14:
2f:e4:2b:94:c5:0b:5b:83:80:48:ca:99:c9:d8:98:
da:70:82:82:bf:7e:eb:97:6b:fa:3a:63:ce:ce:4c:
3f:fe:83:b5:98:8a:2d:a0:fe:88:14:81:71:c8:f9:
88:2b:79:0f:ab:2a:97:1d:68:a1:5f:ac:fa:45:b9:
aa:3c:c3:9a:3d:5e:7d:0d:52:3d:da:e2:45:5b:1c:
10:9e:23:d5:8f:5d:6f:c6:55:44:61:a8:38:ee:f0:
06:c9
Exponent: 65537 (0x10001)
X509v3 extensions:
X509v3 Subject Key Identifier:
0B:F7:31:43:FC:7A:0A:4C:63:C4:C7:CB:BC:CC:40:50:E7:F1:ED:74
X509v3 Authority Key Identifier:
keyid:F1:76:ED:83:0E:B7:C5:6F:03:97:FF:4D:C1:2A:8E:B3:23:83:C6:CB

X509v3 Basic Constraints: critical
CA:TRUE, pathlen:0
X509v3 Key Usage: critical
Digital Signature, Certificate Sign, CRL Sign
Signature Algorithm: sha512WithRSAEncryption
32:53:f6:b2:b9:08:24:23:bf:0e:9b:a1:86:bb:25:c1:fd:f8:
d0:29:0f:f7:c8:d1:e3:3e:ea:4b:78:ef:b8:49:df:ee:4b:c3:
57:9d:9d:c7:2c:11:ba:be:76:fe:fa:21:a9:16:62:bc:6b:bf:
52:22:df:e6:6d:ac:cb:f5:27:8d:90:0b:72:52:5e:bf:18:b7:
87:ab:c3:d7:41:7e:c5:bb:2e:50:50:d8:b7:79:dc:c4:51:eb:
a4:83:fc:41:08:0e:34:c9:9d:1d:8d:08:43:f3:47:25:bd:1b:
c1:b7:09:28:1d:a1:ae:44:00:42:6a:d0:9a:ba:0a:79:68:20:
a6:c4:39:fa:4b:d4:58:ce:e2:5a:fe:34:cd:6c:a0:48:56:ba:
82:f9:b6:0a:47:82:f6:62:af:e1:b2:34:8e:f1:d1:cd:45:33:
1f:98:ad:e6:a3:7a:08:ef:81:eb:08:d3:e1:22:3d:a7:7b:97:
b9:5e:a1:9c:58:d8:bf:fd:9c:a8:50:54:60:16:e0:d4:ba:82:
db:6e:20:f5:cd:0a:3c:93:7d:cb:a1:41:64:f9:8e:2d:dc:21:
fd:04:7d:ab:c6:bf:dd:84:c7:db:68:c8:a0:ef:45:e5:16:85:
8d:6c:f6:df:d0:bd:f9:a4:5d:81:0d:13:53:d1:79:e1:77:e0:
ab:e8:10:1c:b3:8d:72:a8:b4:85:aa:bf:4a:b3:30:35:9d:83:
0f:db:98:15:bf:38:8d:b9:ff:33:4f:ad:01:3b:8d:68:70:23:
8d:75:b9:f0:bc:49:35:79:8d:5e:3e:cb:fc:78:b6:3a:0d:c3:
29:4c:c4:d4:40:21:94:3c:54:e5:97:83:8f:99:a9:6f:c0:db:
c2:35:81:90:dc:ac:c7:a7:57:4f:6d:42:9b:80:d5:f6:ef:d8:
99:8e:c0:28:3d:8f:67:3e:5f:6a:84:95:8c:52:e0:1e:34:9e:
db:98:74:56:4d:bc:ec:8c:89:af:9f:9a:51:28:47:d3:04:5e:
56:d3:d0:eb:eb:72:d5:fe:9b:68:50:f6:f3:e4:17:ec:da:30:
60:30:57:74:03:d4:41:1a:0a:d8:1d:1e:bf:3a:fd:20:4f:c4:
b4:12:43:59:d1:8d:40:20:6c:e4:34:8e:c8:61:22:97:dc:b6:
7b:de:3b:34:90:9d:c1:7b:2c:52:2e:ce:4d:99:f7:a0:24:84:
9f:38:98:34:92:32:64:04:df:18:b4:90:8a:42:f6:09:16:be:
bb:c4:01:57:d3:e3:47:f7:c6:7f:39:97:ee:69:06:ff:65:27:
90:37:4f:32:c6:7d:eb:db:94:e6:66:84:b5:9c:ea:3c:1b:ca:
45:b9:8c:36:82:46:f8:89

  1. combine cert chain & verify
1
2
cat certs/issue.ca.cert.pem certs/root.ca.cert.pem > certs/spki.cert.pem 
openssl x509 -in certs/spki.cert.pem -noout -text

0x04 create ssl certs

  1. generate key pairs

Don’t forget to cahnge permission for private folder. eg. chmod 400 private

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
openssl genrsa -aes256 -out private/www.example.com.key.pem 2048
```

Here is the terminal output
```log

~/Desktop/ca/test$ openssl genrsa -aes256 -out private/www.example.com.key.pem 2048
Generating RSA private key, 2048 bit long modulus (2 primes)
...............................+++++
.....................................................................................................................................+++++
e is 65537 (0x010001)
140392395130176:error:260BC097:engine routines:int_engine_configure:invalid init value:../crypto/engine/eng_cnf.c:121:
Enter pass phrase for private/www.example.com.key.pem:
Verifying - Enter pass phrase for private/www.example.com.key.pem:
  1. generate csr
1
openssl req -key private/www.example.com.key.pem -new -sha256 -out csr/www.example.com.csr.pem

Here is the terminal output

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
~/Desktop/ca/test$ openssl req -key private/www.example.com.key.pem -new -sha256 -out csr/www.example.com.csr.pem 
Enter pass phrase for private/www.example.com.key.pem:
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
-----
Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:CN
State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:JS
Locality Name (eg, city) []:SZ
Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:PP
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:GP
Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []:www.example.com
Email Address []:[email protected]

Please enter the following 'extra' attributes
to be sent with your certificate request
A challenge password []:
An optional company name []:
  1. use issue ca private key to sign the csr
1
openssl x509 -req -engine pkcs11 -in csr/www.example.com.csr.pem -CAkeyform engine -CAkey 696976398:02 -CA certs/spki.cert.pem  -days 365 -sha256 -out certs/www.example.com.cert.pem

Here is the terminal output

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
~/Desktop/ca/test$ echo 1000 > certs/spki.cert.srl
~/Desktop/ca/test$ openssl x509 -req -engine pkcs11 -in csr/www.example.com.csr.pem -CAkeyform engine -CAkey 696976398:02 -CA certs/spki.cert.pem -days 365 -sha256 -out certs/www.example.com.cert.pem
engine "pkcs11" set.
Signature ok
subject=C = CN, ST = JS, L = SZ, O = PP, OU = GP, CN = www.example.com, emailAddress = [email protected]
Getting CA Private Key
Enter PKCS#11 token PIN for sofunny:

  1. verify the ssl cert
1
openssl x509 -in certs/www.example.com.cert.pem -noout -text

Here is the terminal output

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
~/Desktop/ca/test$ openssl x509 -in certs/www.example.com.cert.pem -noout -text
Certificate:
Data:
Version: 1 (0x0)
Serial Number: 4097 (0x1001)
Signature Algorithm: sha256WithRSAEncryption
Issuer: C = CN, ST = JS, O = PP, OU = GP, CN = SPKI SSL ISSUE CA 01, emailAddress = [email protected]
Validity
Not Before: Dec 12 14:08:35 2020 GMT
Not After : Dec 12 14:08:35 2021 GMT
Subject: C = CN, ST = JS, L = SZ, O = PP, OU = GP, CN = www.example.com, emailAddress = [email protected]
Subject Public Key Info:
Public Key Algorithm: rsaEncryption
RSA Public-Key: (2048 bit)
Modulus:
00:bf:88:54:b8:e1:e1:6e:0c:9a:a6:d9:59:22:50:
10:7b:41:a1:49:19:7f:31:d2:a7:c8:bb:a3:4a:3c:
2d:ec:83:08:a1:9e:c9:72:af:46:9c:e5:f1:7f:53:
4e:60:55:67:8f:3f:44:c7:19:f6:1b:6b:78:16:aa:
0e:61:b2:41:b1:c2:95:d4:48:ec:37:c3:5f:4e:94:
df:5f:43:bf:41:23:04:54:9c:9a:e1:9f:94:8f:82:
b9:97:f2:44:b1:61:81:ee:b9:e7:92:52:df:83:2b:
df:e6:6c:39:17:64:c5:5e:d3:60:16:08:7a:34:25:
25:d0:1f:59:50:16:ae:74:54:c9:30:b1:fb:fa:20:
23:e7:d7:f4:9f:52:eb:f0:04:d4:a4:d3:42:a7:8b:
1e:5c:c6:6b:0c:ee:af:88:d6:63:18:c6:3c:7b:20:
9e:8b:1a:2f:82:8e:b4:a6:13:3a:8a:12:32:4f:b2:
c9:d8:d6:2c:7a:c3:86:8f:f6:36:a7:60:1f:7d:2c:
7c:d2:fa:29:ab:31:fc:c3:da:23:d6:14:3f:be:32:
40:31:2b:4e:7d:86:f1:3a:72:19:94:a5:b9:23:a1:
27:6a:f4:69:16:68:00:74:55:d0:de:db:da:97:6e:
01:3d:09:f5:c4:74:9e:a8:ea:4b:48:2f:2c:c5:20:
19:31
Exponent: 65537 (0x10001)
Signature Algorithm: sha256WithRSAEncryption
74:4d:ac:b2:56:67:c9:0d:29:2b:f6:79:1a:ba:db:ad:40:b6:
5a:97:02:bf:c5:ef:c9:de:68:e4:47:5a:48:6a:73:7f:5a:15:
11:7c:d1:99:92:0e:49:71:da:c1:00:28:2f:ae:aa:d7:87:02:
5e:45:c5:82:18:b3:96:66:15:d5:80:d0:16:4c:25:9e:84:8d:
05:14:63:a0:0d:26:80:c7:c8:8c:76:74:9c:5c:a7:0f:dd:80:
1e:ea:5b:99:9d:49:fe:bb:92:8e:26:10:bf:db:08:51:26:62:
f4:aa:fa:92:70:56:59:ad:47:5e:42:70:f2:90:53:cb:9e:dc:
33:a3:cf:81:71:c2:67:9d:eb:d3:a3:99:8a:40:bd:83:9f:99:
c6:30:4e:86:65:e9:e9:65:c7:ba:40:48:e5:4c:4c:a1:ca:20:
c1:04:40:37:82:fa:f2:67:f0:55:cd:76:48:ea:4c:71:d5:6e:
40:e6:a8:ae:62:32:0e:cd:8f:d1:7b:6c:83:06:df:be:b1:b5:
3b:4c:a5:85:d5:18:05:37:f6:b2:a0:e6:48:04:94:9e:20:20:
64:6c:ec:f6:16:3e:07:ec:5f:80:0f:a7:a6:ac:f4:eb:a3:f8:
d8:d5:09:ce:64:e9:ac:d5:7a:1a:62:28:1c:5f:66:95:cc:79:
f1:1f:f0:81

0x05 install CA Certs to Host

in this case, i put those cert in my ubuntu 18.04

1
2
3
4

$ sudo mkdir /usr/share/ca-certificates/extra
$ sudo cp certs/issue.ca.cert.pem certs/root.ca.cert.pem /usr/share/ca-certificates/extra/
$ sudo dpkg-reconfigure ca-certificates
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
~/Desktop/ca/test$ sudo dpkg-reconfigure ca-certificates   
Updating certificates in /etc/ssl/certs...
rehash: warning: skipping spki.pem,it does not contain exactly one certificate or CRL
1 added, 0 removed; done.
Processing triggers for ca-certificates (20201027ubuntu0.20.04.1) ...
Updating certificates in /etc/ssl/certs...
0 added, 0 removed; done.
Running hooks in /etc/ca-certificates/update.d...

done.
done.

it’s enough to non-interactive usage. but fot some web browser, maybe you still need to trust it manually. here is the example for firefox

image

0x06 write test code

1
cat  certs/www.example.com.cert.pem  certs/issue.ca.cert.pem  certs/root.ca.cert.pem  > combine.pem
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

import http.server, ssl

server_address = ('localhost', 443)
httpd = http.server.HTTPServer(server_address, http.server.SimpleHTTPRequestHandler)
httpd.socket = ssl.wrap_socket(httpd.socket,
server_side=True,
certfile='certs/combine.pem',
keyfile='private/www.example.com.key.pem',
ssl_version=ssl.PROTOCOL_TLS)
httpd.serve_forever()

in this case, i created a ssl certs for www.example.com. but i am not the owner of this domain, so just modified /etc/hosts file, and add this line 127.0.0.1 www.example.com

image

0x07 Conclusion

As for now, you already create a internal CA, also include SSL cert. it’s enough for the interanl usage. and in this case , the main purpose is to use softhsm to store the private key , as you can see in this blog. you can create a key pairs with never extracted properties which it was stored in softhsm. softhsm is only a softhsm implement of HSM , the better way is to use real HSM in your production env. personally , i think it’s enough for many case.

0x08 Resources

支持一下
三思而后行